Thursday, January 20, 2011

Verbum Hodiernum: DUCO

Today's word is the third-conjugation verb DUCO (ducere, duxi, ductus). Although we don't use this verb in its uncompounded form in English words, you probably recognize many of the compound forms in English words like "reduce" and "reduction," "produce" and "production," etc. Sometimes you have a choice: we say both "deduce" in English and also "deduct," with different idiomatic meanings for each one.

In Latin, the verb ducere has many idiomatic meanings; it's worth reading the Lewis & Short dictionary entry to see the range of meanings. One of the most common is uxorem ducere, "to lead a wife (home)," or in other words, "to marry."

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more information, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below, as well as additional proverbs:

Non ducor: duco.

Ducit Dominus.

Eamus quo ducit fortuna.

Ducit amor patriae.

Ducunt volentem fata, nolentem trahunt.

Nil proprium ducas, quidquid mutari potest.

Idem egoque tuque ducimus pariter iugum.

Verba ducunt, exempla trahunt.

Dulcior est fructus post multa pericula ductus.

Tuae sortis uxorem ducito.

Volentem bovem ducito.

Prius lupus ovem ducat uxorem.

Consuetudo volentes ducit, lex nolentes trahit.

Oportet remum ducere qui didicit.

Natura ducimur ad scientiae cupiditatem.

Felix qui meruit tranquillam ducere vitam.

Ut volucres laqueo, piscis sic ducitur hamo.

Arcta est via, quae ducit ad vitam.

Trans mare ducatur cattus, "mau" vociferatur.

Sicut equos domitant et ducunt frena, capistra: sic docet ac ducit nos consuetudo

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