Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Verbum Hodiernum: VELOX

Today's word is VELOX, which is a third-declension adjective with just one form - velox - for masculine, feminine and neuter singular; the genitive is velocis.

Latin meaning and usage: The basic meaning of the word is "swift" or "speedy."

Latin word formation: The adverbial form is velociter; note also the comparative adverb velocius and superlative velocissime. The abstract noun is velocitas.

English cognates and derivatives: We get the word "velocity" from this root, and the notorious "velociraptor" from Jurassic Park. There is also "velocipede," which includes bicycles and tricycles.

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more information, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which also contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below:

Cursus in fine velocior.

Deus non est velox ad poenam.

Equus alienus velociter currit.

Ne velox sis ad irascendum.

Nihil annis velocius.

Nihil est animo velocius.

Sit omnis homo velox ad audiendum, tardus autem ad loquendum.

Vidi sub sole nec velocium esse cursum nec fortium bellum.

Veloces sunt latronum pedes.

Tarda fluit pigris, velox operantibus hora.

Tarda fugit pigris, velox operantibus hora.

Velox consilium sequitur paenitentia.

Fama repleta malis velocibus evolat alis.

Velocius quam asparagi coquantur.

Lingua mea calamus scribae velociter scribentis.

Dum candet ferrum , velocius est feriendum.

Pegaso velocior.

Velocem tardus assequitur.

Velocius ibo retentus.

Vita nostra brevis est, brevi finietur, venit mors velociter, rapit nos ferociter, nemini parcetur.

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