Sunday, September 11, 2011

Verbum Hodiernum: NOSTER

Today's word is NOSTER, which is a first-second declension adjective, with genitive forms nostri and nostrae (the "e" is a fill vowel, which falls out).

Latin meaning and usage: This is the first-person plural possessive adjective; you can see the connection to the word nos in the stem.

Latin word formation: Note the word nostras (gen. nostratis), which means "our home, our homeland." Likewise, the adverb nostratim means "in our way, according to our manner."

English cognates and derivatives: We have the word "paternoster" in English from the beginning of the Lord's Prayer in Latin: Pater noster. We also have the word "nostrum" from the Latin phrase nostrum remedium.

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more examples, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which also contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below:

Debemur morti nos nostraque.

Ut hora sic dies nostri super terram.

Sicut umbra dies nostri super terram.

Dies nostri quasi umbra super terram.

Nullane finis erit nostro concessa dolori?

Roma communis nostra patria est.

Alienum nobis, nostrum plus aliis placet.

Omnia aliena sunt, tempus tantum nostrum est.

Aliena nobis, nostra plus aliis placent.

Cinis fiet corpus nostrum.

Est caro nostra cinis, modo principium, modo finis.

Initia in potestate nostra, exitus fortunae.

Nostris ipsorum alis capimur.

Invicem onera nostra portemus.

Nec vitia nostra nec remedia pati possumus.

Panem nostrum cotidianum da nobis hodie.

Panem nostrum cotidianum da nobis cotidie.

Non nostrum onus, inquit bos ferens clitellas.

Aliena pericula, cautiones nostrae.

Dii nostra incepta secundent.

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