Friday, September 2, 2011

Verbum Hodiernum: VITA

Today's word is VITA, which is a first-declension feminine noun.

Latin meaning and usage: The Latin word covers much the same range as the English word "life" and also the English noun "living" (as in a way of life, subsistence), as well as the English word "lifetime."

Latin word formation: This Latin root gives rise to adjectives like vitalis, vitabundus, etc. - and to the abstract noun vitalitas.

English cognates and derivatives: From the Latin we get "vital" and "vitality," and via the French vie, we get English "viable." The English word "vitamin" is a modern coinage, dating to the year 1920.

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more examples, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which also contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below:

Ita vita.

Qui nihil amat, quid ei homini opus vita est?

In hominum vita nihil est certi.

Non vivere, sed valere vera vita est.

Mors sequitur; vita fugit.

Vita sine litteris mors est.

Sicut vita, finis ita.

Dux vitae ratio.

Quam bene valere, melius in vita nihil.

Longa est vita, si plena est.

Tempus est vitae magister.

Qualis vita, mors est ita.

Qualis vita, finis ita.

Ventus est vita mea.

Vita beatior non fit, si longior.

In corde spes, vis et vita.

Varia vita est.

Vita data est utenda.

Brevis ipsa vita est, sed malis fit longior.

O vita misero longa, felici brevis!

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