Friday, June 24, 2011
Verbum Hodiernum: DIGNUS
Today's word is the adjective DIGNUS, meaning "worthy." It can take an ablative complement, e.g., summa laude dignus, "worthy of the highest praise." It can also take an infinitive complement, dignus elegi (worthy to be chosen). There are some other constructions you can find as well, including a genitive complement, along with ut clauses and relative clauses. For a complete overview, see the entry in the Lewis & Short Latin dictionary.
In English, we get words like "dignity" and "dignified" from this Latin root, as well as the negative "indignation." The English words "deign" and "disdain" also come from Latin dignus. The word "dainty" derives (via French) from Latin dignitas.
Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs - these are proverbs I have tentatively selected to include in the Scala Sapientiae!
Venia dignus tiro.
Dignus est operarius mercede sua.
Dignus est operarius cibo suo.
Digna dignis eveniunt.
Aude aliquid dignum.
Digna imitatione, non invidia, virtus.
Beneficium dando accepit, qui digno dedit.
Dignus erit magno, qui parva capit iubilando.
Omnes aequo animo parent, ubi digni imperant.
Agens et consentiens eadem poena digni.
Perdere est dignus bona, qui nescit uti.
Dignus es, qui in tenebris mices.
Nemo potest dominis digne servire duobus.