Friday, September 3, 2010

Verbum Hodiernum: DEUS

Today's word is DEUS. This is a standard second declension noun in Latin but with a few special forms, such as the plural forms di (in addition to dei) and deum (in addition to deorum) and dis (in addition to deis and also diis).

The reconstructed Indo-European form is *deiwos, which is also related to the name *Dyeus, the chief god of the proto-Indo-European pantheon; compare the name of the Greek god Zeus or the etymology of Roman Iuppiter from *dyeu-peter, "god-father."

The Latin word divus is also from this same root; divus can also appear in the form dius.

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more information, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below, as well as additional proverbs:

Dii omnia possunt.

Deus omnia non dat omnibus.

Dis aliter visum.

Deus dat cui vult.

Deo Volente

Sic dii voluerunt.

Omnes filii Dei estis.

Dare Deo accipere est.

Vox populi, vox Dei.

Omnia debeo deo.

Mentis sol amor dei.

Cuncta potest facere deus.

Non cunctis dat cuncta deus.

Dei Gratia

Dei gratia sumus quod sumus.

A Deo rex, a rege lex.

Muneribus vel dii capiuntur.

Vocatus atque non vocatus deus aderit.

Di fortioribus adsunt.

Dii meliora dent!

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