Saturday, July 16, 2011

Verbum Hodiernum: GERO

Today's word is the verb GERO, one of those impossible-to-translate words since it is used in such a wide range of Latin idioms, expressions in which we use a variety of different English words to convey the same idea. The verb can mean to carry, bear, or wear ... and also to bring forth or produce... and also to act, behave, or simply to do something - as in the famous phrase res gestae or simply gesta, "deeds." It's definitely well worth reading through the Lewis & Short dictionary entry to get a sense of the range of meanings of this word.

Thanks to the varied meanings of this word in Latin, we get a variety of English derivatives as well, such as "gesture" and "gerund" and "gestation" and even, yes, the word "jest" - plus compounds including "suggestion" and "digestion," "register" and "belligerent."

So, to help you get used to all the different things this word can mean, here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs:

Personam, non faciem geris.

Personas gerimus fictas.

Ovem in fronte, lupum in corde gerit.

Vultu talis eris, qualia mente geris.

Remigio meo rem gero.

Invicta gerit tela Cupido.

Bella gerant alii; Protesilaus amet!

Saepe gerunt bella iuvenes pro virgine bella.

Si pace frui volumus, bellum gerendum est.

Bella gerunt mures, ubi cattum non habet aedes.

Absente domino, res male geritur.

Vicini vacca distentius uber gerit.

Aliena capella gerit distentius uber.

Cutem gerit saepius laceratam canis mordax.

Aquam in cribro geris.

Imbrem in cribrum gerit.

Sapiens thesaurum in se gerit.

Magno usui est memoria rerum gestarum.

Si videas fratres inter se bella gerentes, neutri confer opem, sed eorum corrige


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