Monday, February 21, 2011

Verbum Hodiernum: REDIMO

Today's word is REDIMO, a third conjugation verb (redimere, redemi, redemptum). This is a compound of the verb emere, "to buy," and the prefix re- becomes red- before the vowel: redemere, "to buy back, repurchase." By metaphorical extension it them comes to mean "to buy back, to release, to redeem." This word acquires special meaning in Christian Latin, where Jesus becomes the Redemptor, "Redeemer." The English word "ransom" also comes from this same root: Latin redemptio became French raenson, and thence English "ransom."

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more information, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below:

Redimo vitia virtutibus.

Sicut ager colitur, sic fructibus hic redimitur.

Tamquam si quis crucifigeret Paulum ut redimeret Petrum.


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