Monday, September 13, 2010

Verbum Hodiernum: INTER

Today's word is INTER, a preposition which takes the accusative case. It can also be used adverbially, although its use as a preposition is far more common. For the adverb, you are more likely to find the form intra (which can also be used as a preposition).

It can refer to being in-between two objects: inter spem metumque. It can also refer to being in the midst of two or more objects, or surrounded by them: inter hostium tela.

In an expression of time, it means within a certain period of time: inter decem annos, "within ten years." It can also have the sense of "meanwhile" or "during," as in the expression inter haec.

Here are some examples of today's word in Latin sayings and proverbs; for more information, see the page at the Scala Sapientiae, which contains notes on some of the proverbs cited below, as well as additional proverbs:

Lumina inter umbras clariora sunt.

Primus inter pares.

Inter spem et metum.

Inter utrumque tene; medio tutissimus ibis.

Inter saxum et sacrum sto.

Communia amicorum sunt inter se omnia.

Inter cineres condita flamma manet.

Amicitia, nisi inter bonos, esse non potest.

Inter canem et lupum.

Inter dictum et factum multum differt.

Inter amicos numquam amor exstinguitur.

Silent enim leges inter arma.

Leges silent inter arma.

Inter arma silent Musae.

Firmissima est inter pares amicitia.

Sicut agnos inter lupos.

Fratrum inter se irae sunt acerbissimae.

Sublata lucerna, nihil interest inter mulieres.

Multa cadunt inter calicem supremaque labra.

Tantalus inter undas sitit.

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